ME

castellano

Workers, Hallowell Granite Works, Franklin Street, ca. 1895.  (Hubbard Free Library)

Workers, Hallowell Granite Works, Franklin Street, ca. 1895. (Hubbard Free Library)

Thanks to the research of Koldo San Sebastián, who has pored over Liverpool shipping records, we now know that there was a significant influx of Spaniards –including many cántabros or people from the northern region of Spain around Santander– into Hallowell, Maine and its environs in the early decades of the twentieth century.  Like the immigrants –also predominantly cántabros– who in these same years traveled to Barre and Montpelier (Vermont), these Spaniards worked primarily in the granite quarries of the area.

Granite from the New England states (Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachussetts) was much in demand at the time, because of the many construction projects of public buildings and monuments undertaken by the cities of the Northeast.  Since there are also many granite quarries in Cantabria, it stands to reason that there was a skilled and specialized workforce available there as well.

***

Gracias a las investigaciones realizadas por Koldo San Sebastián, que ha trabajado con las listas de pasajeros de Liverpool, hemos podido averiguar que en las primeras décadas del siglo XX hubo un flujo considerable de españoles –cántabros, principalmente– a Hallowell, estado de Maine.  Igual que los españoles que emigraron en la misma época a Barre y Montpelier, Vermont (cántabros también, en su mayoría) éstos sin duda venían a trabajar en las canteras de granito.  

Había a la sazón mucha demanda por el granito de los estados de Nueva Inglaterra (Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachussetts), debido a la construcción de grandes edificios y monumentos públicos en las ciudades de la costa noreste del país.  Como hay muchas canteras de granito en Cantabria, es de suponer que en la zona había también mucha mano de obra especializada.

Earliest evidence of Spanish granite workers in Hallowell, Maine, this heartbreaking article from April 6, 1893, tells the story of Ricardo González who mistakenly killed his two small children by giving them the wrong dose of a prescription.

Earliest evidence of Spanish granite workers in Hallowell, Maine, this heartbreaking article from April 6, 1893, tells the story of Ricardo González who mistakenly killed his two small children by giving them the wrong dose of a prescription.

 

1910 census sheet from Hallowell, Maine, lists a sizeable number of Spaniards in what was probably a company boarding house.

1910 census sheet from Hallowell, Maine, lists a sizeable number of Spaniards in what was probably a company boarding house.

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